Warning: This document is for the development version of Bareos Documentation. The main version is bareos-18.2.

Messages Configuration

Messages Resource

The Messages resource defines how messages are to be handled and destinations to which they should be sent.

Even though each daemon has a full message handler, within the Bareos File Daemon and the Bareos Storage Daemon, you will normally choose to send all the appropriate messages back to the Bareos Director. This permits all the messages associated with a single Job to be combined in the Director and sent as a single email message to the user, or logged together in a single file.

Each message that Bareos generates (i.e. that each daemon generates) has an associated type such as INFO, WARNING, ERROR, FATAL, etc. Using the message resource, you can specify which message types you wish to see and where they should be sent. In addition, a message may be sent to multiple destinations. For example, you may want all error messages both logged as well as sent to you in an email. By defining multiple messages resources, you can have different message handling for each type of Job (e.g. Full backups versus Incremental backups).

In general, messages are attached to a Job and are included in the Job report. There are some rare cases, where this is not possible, e.g. when no job is running, or if a communications error occurs between a daemon and the director. In those cases, the message may remain in the system, and should be flushed at the end of the next Job.

The records contained in a Messages resource consist of a destination specification followed by a list of message-types in the format:

destination = message-type1, message-type2, message-type3, …

or for those destinations that need and address specification (e.g. email):

destination = address = message-type1, message-type2, message-type3, …

where
destination
is one of a predefined set of keywords that define where the message is to be sent (Append (Dir->Messages), Console (Dir->Messages), File (Dir->Messages), Mail (Dir->Messages), …),
address
varies according to the destination keyword, but is typically an email address or a filename,
message-type
is one of a predefined set of keywords that define the type of message generated by Bareos: ERROR, WARNING, FATAL, …
configuration directive name type of data default value remark
Append (Dir->Messages) = MESSAGES    
Catalog (Dir->Messages) = MESSAGES    
Console (Dir->Messages) = MESSAGES    
Description (Dir->Messages) = STRING    
Director (Dir->Messages) = MESSAGES    
File (Dir->Messages) = MESSAGES    
Mail (Dir->Messages) = MESSAGES    
Mail Command (Dir->Messages) = STRING    
Mail On Error (Dir->Messages) = MESSAGES    
Mail On Success (Dir->Messages) = MESSAGES    
Name (Dir->Messages) = NAME    
Operator (Dir->Messages) = MESSAGES    
Operator Command (Dir->Messages) = STRING    
Stderr (Dir->Messages) = MESSAGES    
Stdout (Dir->Messages) = MESSAGES    
Syslog (Dir->Messages) = MESSAGES    
Timestamp Format (Dir->Messages) = STRING    
Append
Type:MESSAGES

Append the message to the filename given in the address field. If the file already exists, it will be appended to. If the file does not exist, it will be created.

Catalog
Type:MESSAGES

Send the message to the Catalog database. The message will be written to the table named Log and a timestamp field will also be added. This permits Job Reports and other messages to be recorded in the Catalog so that they can be accessed by reporting software. Bareos will prune the Log records associated with a Job when the Job records are pruned. Otherwise, Bareos never uses these records internally, so this destination is only used for special purpose programs (e.g. frontend programs).

Console
Type:MESSAGES

Send the message to the Bareos console. These messages are held until the console program connects to the Director.

Description
Type:STRING
Director
Type:MESSAGES

Send the message to the Director whose name is given in the address field. Note, in the current implementation, the Director Name is ignored, and the message is sent to the Director that started the Job.

File
Type:MESSAGES

Send the message to the filename given in the address field. If the file already exists, it will be overwritten.

Mail
Type:MESSAGES

Send the message to the email addresses that are given as a comma separated list in the address field. Mail messages are grouped together during a job and then sent as a single email message when the job terminates. The advantage of this destination is that you are notified about every Job that runs. However, if you backup mutliple machines every night, the number of email messages can be annoying. Some users use filter programs such as procmail to automatically file this email based on the Job termination code (see Mail Command (Dir->Messages)).

Mail Command
Type:STRING
In the absence of this resource, Bareos will send all mail using the following command:

/usr/lib/sendmail -F BAREOS <recipients>

In many cases, depending on your machine, this command may not work. However, by using the Mail Command, you can specify exactly how to send the mail. During the processing of the command part, normally specified as a quoted string, the following substitutions will be used:

  • %% = %
  • %c = Client’s name
  • %d = Director’s name
  • %e = Job Exit code (OK, Error, …)
  • %h = Client address
  • %i = Job Id
  • %j = Unique Job name
  • %l = Job level
  • %n = Job name
  • %r = Recipients
  • %s = Since time
  • %t = Job type (e.g. Backup, …)
  • %v = Read Volume name (Only on director side)
  • %V = Write Volume name (Only on director side)

Please note: any Mail Command directive must be specified in the Messages resource before the desired Mail (Dir->Messages), Mail On Success (Dir->Messages) or Mail On Error (Dir->Messages) directive. In fact, each of those directives may be preceded by a different Mail Command.

A default installation will use the program bsmtp as Mail Command. The program bsmtp is provided by Bareos and unifies the usage of a mail client to a certain degree:

Mail Command = "/usr/sbin/bsmtp -h mail.example.com -f \"\(Bareos\) \%r\" -s \"Bareos: \%t \%e of \%c \%l\" \%r"

The bsmtp program is provided as part of Bareos. For additional details, please see the bsmtp section. Please test any Mail Command that you use to ensure that your smtp gateway accepts the addressing form that you use. Certain programs such as Exim can be very selective as to what forms are permitted particularly in the from part.

Mail On Error
Type:MESSAGES

Send the message to the email addresses that are given as a comma separated list in the address field if the Job terminates with an error condition. Mail On Error messages are grouped together during a job and then sent as a single email message when the job terminates. This destination differs from the mail destination in that if the Job terminates normally, the message is totally discarded (for this destination). If the Job terminates in error, it is emailed. By using other destinations such as append you can ensure that even if the Job terminates normally, the output information is saved.

Mail On Success
Type:MESSAGES

Send the message to the email addresses that are given as a comma separated list in the address field if the Job terminates normally (no error condition). Mail On Success messages are grouped together during a job and then sent as a single email message when the job terminates. This destination differs from the mail destination in that if the Job terminates abnormally, the message is totally discarded (for this destination). If the Job terminates normally, it is emailed.

Name
Type:NAME

The name of the Messages resource. The name you specify here will be used to tie this Messages resource to a Job and/or to the daemon.

Operator
Type:MESSAGES

Send the message to the email addresses that are specified as a comma separated list in the address field. This is similar to mail above, except that each message is sent as received. Thus there is one email per message. This is most useful for mount messages (see below).

Operator Command
Type:STRING

This resource specification is similar to the Mail Command (Dir->Messages) except that it is used for Operator messages. The substitutions performed for the Mail Command (Dir->Messages) are also done for this command. Normally, you will set this command to the same value as specified for the Mail Command (Dir->Messages). The Operator Command directive must appear in the Messages resource before the Operator (Dir->Messages) directive.

Stderr
Type:MESSAGES

Send the message to the standard error output (normally not used).

Stdout
Type:MESSAGES

Send the message to the standard output (normally not used).

Syslog
Type:MESSAGES

Send the message to the system log (syslog).

Since Version >= 14.4.0 the facility can be specified in the address field and the loglevel correspond to the Bareos Message Types. The defaults are DAEMON and LOG_ERR.

Although the syslog destination is not used in the default Bareos config files, in certain cases where Bareos encounters errors in trying to deliver a message, as a last resort, it will send it to the system syslog to prevent loss of the message, so you might occassionally check the syslog for Bareos output.

Timestamp Format
Type:STRING

Message Types

For any destination, the message-type field is a comma separated list of the following types or classes of messages:

info

General information messages.
warning

Warning messages. Generally this is some unusual condition but not expected to be serious.
error

Non-fatal error messages. The job continues running. Any error message should be investigated as it means that something went wrong.
fatal

Fatal error messages. Fatal errors cause the job to terminate.
terminate

Message generated when the daemon shuts down.
notsaved

Files not saved because of some error. Usually because the file cannot be accessed (i.e. it does not exist or is not mounted).
skipped

Files that were skipped because of a user supplied option such as an incremental backup or a file that matches an exclusion pattern. This is not considered an error condition such as the files listed for the notsaved type because the configuration file explicitly requests these types of files to be skipped. For example, any unchanged file during an incremental backup, or any subdirectory if the no recursion option is specified.
mount

Volume mount or intervention requests from the Storage daemon. These requests require a specific operator intervention for the job to continue.
restored

The ls style listing generated for each file restored is sent to this message class.
all

All message types.
security

Security info/warning messages principally from unauthorized connection attempts.
alert

Alert messages. These are messages generated by tape alerts.
volmgmt

Volume management messages. Currently there are no volume management messages generated.
audit

Audit messages. Interacting with the Bareos Director will be audited. Can be configured with in resource Auditing (Dir->Director).

The following is an example of a valid Messages resource definition, where all messages except files explicitly skipped or daemon termination messages are sent by email to backupoperator@example.com. In addition all mount messages are sent to the operator (i.e. emailed to backupoperator@example.com). Finally all messages other than explicitly skipped files and files saved are sent to the console:

Message resource
Messages {
  Name = Standard
  Mail = backupoperator@example.com = all, !skipped, !terminate
  Operator = backupoperator@example.com = mount
  Console = all, !skipped, !saved
}

With the exception of the email address, an example Director’s Messages resource is as follows:

Message resource
Messages {
  Name = Standard
  Mail Command = "/usr/sbin/bsmtp -h mail.example.com  -f \"\(Bareos\) %r\" -s \"Bareos: %t %e of %c %l\" %r"
  Operator Command = "/usr/sbin/bsmtp -h mail.example.com -f \"\(Bareos\) %r\" -s \"Bareos: Intervention needed for %j\" %r"
  Mail On Error = backupoperator@example.com = all, !skipped, !terminate
  Append = "/var/log/bareos/bareos.log" = all, !skipped, !terminate
  Operator = backupoperator@example.com = mount
  Console = all, !skipped, !saved
}